Production Process and Facility Layout

The GWC USA company is a retailer that sells physical goods which are different kinds of valves for heavy machinery in different industries around the world. One major part of their business involves planning the production process of these valves in order to ensure they are efficient and heavy duty to get the job done right. The planning process is the first step in designing the production process and managers must think about the products and services that will be produced and convert these ideas into final specifications. The products must satisfy customers and be produced as efficiently and inexpensively as possible. Market research is used in this case in order to gather consumer reactions to proposed products and it is also used to estimate potential sales and profitability.

When selecting the facility layout, the process layout involves the work in process that moves around the plant to reach different workstations. Its purpose is to process the goods and services that have a variety of functions. The process layout groups the machinery and equipment according to their functions and it facilitates production of a variety of nonstandard items in relatively small batches. The process layout starts with the laundry receiving, then the labelling and sorting, washing and drying, pressing, order assembly, loading and the delivery and invoicing of the product. The product layout is also called the assembly line and it sets up production equipment along a product flow line and the work is then moved along the line past the workstations. Efficiency produces large numbers of similar items, a fixed position layout places the product in one sport and workers, materials and equipment come to it. The customer oriented layout is an arranged facility to enhance the interactions between customers and its services. It is important for the GWC USA company to decide which facility layout they want to use for their production process as well as for their retail store.